LINUX VS WINDOWS (6 MAIN DIFFERENCES) – OS BATTLE

This Operating System battle has been going for a long time i:e Linux Vs Windows but many people don’t understand the fact if something of the same category is better or best then it may not be the case that a particular user would definitely love it or that product or service would be suitable for them.

So these products or services can be compared based on their family (OS family: Mac, Windows, Linux, etc) or category but it’s only up to the user, at what purpose he/she need an OS or what they want to do with them. 

Like other comparisons, we will be only comparing these Operating Systems and notice, in some categories Windows will be the winner and in some categories, Linux will be the winner.

However, you will need to decide in the end which Operating System you will choose to use.

This article is only to help you to choose because as I have mentioned, it’s up to users what is their purpose. 

INTRODUCTION

Windows

Windows is an Operating System that requires a license for activation to experience its full features.

On 20 November 1985, Microsoft presented an operating environment named Windows as a graphical OS shell for MS-DOS in light of the developing revenue in GUIs.

With a market share of over 90%, Microsoft Windows came to overwhelm the world’s (PC) market.

It offers only user interfaces without allowing them to alter it’s source code to make it work in their own fashion.

There are so many versions of this operating system in the market and Windows 10 is the most recent version, released in October 2010.

Its source code is not accessible to the user.

It is mostly used for businesses, education, gaming as well as for video, audio, and photo editing.

Linux

Linux is an Operating System that is free and it is based on Unix Standard.

The Unix operating system was designed and implemented by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, Douglas McIlroy, and Joe Ossanna in the United States at AT&T’s Bell Labs in 1969.

It provides you a programming interface to access its source code and you can make the OS function in your way by altering its source code.

Based on Intel x86 architecture, Linux was initially produced for PCs, however, has since been ported to a bigger number of platforms than some other operating systems.

Likewise, Linux has the biggest install base of all broadly useful OSs because of the predominance of Android on mobile phones.

It was created by Linus Torvalds to allow anyone to use it.

In 1992, it was made under GNU (General Public License). 

SOFTWARE

Windows

There is no doubt that Windows always win this category when it comes to the battle of software compatibility.

Since Windows is the oldest and most flexible Operating System as well the majority of users are using it so almost all software companies prefer this OS as their priority to make their software compatible.

Linux

Linux is indeed a unique and flexible Operating System that makes many users switch to it.

However, there are low numbers of software that are compatible with it and because of this fact, some users don’t use it.

Most of the software that compatible with it that are completely free to get.

Recently, many users have started to use it because many developers have started to focus on it.

SECURITY

Windows

This issue is something that all Windows users have experienced in their life i:e security issues, like viruses and malware, and because of these issues users had to experienced issues like performance issues, unexpected data loss, series of loss of data.

Previous versions of it, weren’t safe from these security issues but now Microsoft has improved so much in the latest Window, it comes up with its own antivirus as well.

Linux

Unlike Windows, one of the unique features of Linux is that it is based on multiple user architecture.

Since with regular monitoring by developers around the world, Linux is a community-driven system and when such a problem occurs, the developers resolve them immediately.

Another reason for low-security issues in Linux is because of the number of users it has.

Hackers are most likely to attack the Operating System that has the highest number of users.

HARDWARE SUPPORT

Windows

Since Windows has the highest usage rate as well as because of its features you hardly find computer-based hardware that is not accessible for it.

Any hardware at its latest version you find is accessible for Windows, sometimes a problem occurs it would be a problem based on their drivers.

Now for about any hardware, Windows drivers are available.

However, if you use the latest version of Windows with old hardware then it also causes some problems.

Linux

At the beginning of Linux, it’s users have faced many problems based on hardware support.

But then the developers have done many improvements on the Linux, as it started to become more useful then hardware developers also have started to make their components compatible for Linux.

Hardware support is more minimal than that.

Some drivers are not immediately available.

FILE SYSTEM

Windows

In Windows, there are three drives named as Capital letters i:e C:, D:, and E: etc.

Windows is case sensitive in file names, you cannot keep files of the same name with small letters and capital letters, for example, a folder cannot have files with names like these “file”, “File” and “FILE” etc.

The same condition goes for folders, like files you cannot have folders with the same names.

Another feature of Windows on the file system is that you cannot delete files that are running.

Linux

In Linux, everything is a file with a hierarchical structure.

Your first drive is represented like this “/dev/sda”.

Even your devices are represented as files that are connected.

Another fact about the file system is that you can have files with the same name in the same directory if they are different in a case sensitive for example you can have files with names (e:g “file”, “File” or ) in the same directory.

PURPOSE OF USE

Windows

Windows is most likely to use for regular purposes especially for gaming because most of the games are compatible with Windows.

All sorts of day-to-day activities on your computer are made easy to complete because of Windows.

You can use Windows, for instance, to search the Internet, check your messages, edit digital images, listen to music, play games, and do a lot more.

Windows is often used in many offices because it offers you access to productivity resources like calendars, word processors, and spreadsheets.

Windows is also used for business purposes for managing the business as well as it is used by intermediate developers.

Linux

Linux is used to manage development machines to serve corporate and scientific organizations because it gives open-source accessibility to users as well it has such features that make high leveled organizations use it.

In a very large variety of applications, Linux kernel-based operating systems have been widely deployed.

For the Linux kernel, and for much of the rest of the system applications, all the advantages and benefits of free and open-source software apply.

Including supercomputers and cloud providers, Linux is powering 90% of all cloud infrastructure.

LINUX VS WINDOWS: CONCLUSION

There is no telling in this war “Linux vs Windows“, this is nothing but a comparison.

The purpose of this article is to give highlights of the differences to help you understand what operating system is better for you depending on the purpose and your need.

Users looking to shift the operating system from Windows to Linux or Linux to Windows would have a clear understanding of the advantages and drawbacks of both Linux and Windows.

They will settle based on their requirements and which has more advantages.

That’s why for some readers, Windows would be a winner while for others Linux will be the winner.

Therefore, I would suggest you choose based on your requirements and uses.

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